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 Attatchment Disorder

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Number of posts : 93
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Registration date : 2008-09-25

PostSubject: Attatchment Disorder   Wed 1 Oct - 16:46

DEFINITION OF A HEALTHY ATTACHMENT

"An affectionate bond between two individuals that endures through space and time and serves to join them emotionaly."
(Vera Fahlberg, M.D.)


Attachment helps the child to:
attain his full intellectual potential
sort out what he perceives
think logically
develop a conscience
become self-reliant
cope with stress and frustration
handle fear and worry
develop future relationships
reduce jealousy (Fahlberg)



"Not only does a healthy attachment insure the child's physical survival, "...it allows him to develop both trust in others and reliance on himself." (Vera Fahlberg. M.D.)


Quotes are from:
High Risk:Children Without a Conscience
by Dr. Ken Magid and Carole McKelvey

WHAT IS ATTACHMENT DISORDER?

An attachment disorder is a mental and emotional condition occurring in the first two years of life that causes a child not to attach, to bond, or to trust his primary caretaker.


Children with attachment disorders have trouble trusting others. Trusting means to love--and loving hurts. They have been hurt too deeply. Loving must be done on their terms so that they will not be hurt again. They attempt to control everyone and everything in their world. No one gets into their world, past their barriers, without proving that they are truly trustworthy.

"Unattached children...have an uncanny ability to appear attractive, bright, loving...helpless, hopeless, lost...or promising, creative, and intelligent, as may suit their needs at the time. Therefore, strangers, helpful neighbors, even therapists, often see the parents as the problem and believe the winsome child is 'beautiful'. . ." (Foster Cline, 1979)

Adoptive parents wonder why. "I'm not the one that hurt him. I am trying to give him love."

To understand the "why", we must look at the child's life, especially the first two years.

CAUSES OF ATTACHMENT DISORDER

Any of the following factors, expecially occurring to a child during their first two years of life, puts a child at high risk of developing an attachment disorder:

Maternal drug and/or alcohol use during pregnancy
Premature birth
Drug addicted infant
Abuse (physical, emotional, sexual)
Neglect
Sudden separation from primary caretaker (i.e. illness or death of mother or chronic illness or hospitalization of child)
Undiagnosed and/or painful illness (i.e. colic or chronic ear infections)
Frequent moves or placements
Inconsistent or inadequate daycare
Chronic maternal depression
teenage mothers with poor parenting skills
This is not a diagnostic tool. If you think your child has an attachment disorder, contact an attachment therapist for an evaluation.

Taken from a pamphlet--"Parents for Attachment"

Understanding the causes of attachment disorder, helps us to understand why adopted and foster children would have a high propensity towards attachment difficulties. Generally, the adopted/foster child has covered many of those categories in his short life.

The next question then, is how would a child with Attachment Disorder behave?

SYMPTOMS OF ATTACHMENT DISORDER

All or most of these symptoms will be present in an attachment disordered child.

Superficially engaging and "charming" Cute is control and safe
Lack of eye contact on parents terms
Indiscriminately affectionate with strangers
Not affectionate on parents terms
Destructive to self (accident prone), others, and/or things
Cruel to animals
Stealing
Lying about the obvious (crazy lying)
No impulse control (frequently acts hyperactive)
Learning lags
Lack of cause and effect thinking
Lack of conscience
Abnormal eating patterns (hoarding or gorging on food)
Poor peer relations
Preoccupation with fire
Persistent nonsense questions and/or incessant chatter
Inappropriately demanding and/or clingy
Abnormal speech patterns
Preoccupation with blood and gore
Extreme control battles
Parents feel hostile and angry

Taken from a pamphlet--"Parents for Attachment"

_________________
God made man stronger but not necessarily more intelligent. He gave women intuition and femininity. And, used properly, that combination easily jumbles the brain of any man I've ever met
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